Monday, October 23, 2017

PowerShield® seed treatment just got better - again!

As we begin to treat our seed corn, we are upgrading our treatment package again.  The beauty of trademarking our PowerShield® label is that we can upgrade components as new and better options are developed, keeping it the best seed treatment available!  For instance, last year we made the decision to add ethaboxam to our seed corn treatment to battle pythium.  This year, replant was higher than normal, almost twice our 10-year average, and yet, we were over three times better than some major competitors.  Some have asked how and why?  We have better seed treatment and higher cold germinations.  The cold, wet weather in 2017 planting time separated the men from the boys on replant.

Since we moved to Poncho® 500 / VOTiVO®, we have yet to furnish replant for black cutworm, wireworm, or white grubs.  So why would we change our inputs?  Stewardship.  As you know, Burrus is a proponent of taking the best possible care of our environment.  With this in mind, we are now using Lumivia® insecticide.  Lumivia utilizes an active ingredient different than clothianidin which is the base chemistry in Cruiser® and Poncho® seed treatments.  Research has shown that Lumivia has minimal impact on the environment and beneficial insects and pollinators when used in accordance to the label.  Use of Lumivia enables us to preserve the efficacy of clothianidin while also being stewards of the environment.  For those with nematodes in their soil profile, we offer HP or high rate Poncho, treated seed with Poncho® 1250 / VOTiVO® for a $10 per unit upgrade.

Lumivia provides a new mode of action for corn.  It is fast acting against soil pests and systemically translocates upward protecting the seed, roots, and developing seedling stem and leaves.  Wireworms can feed on the young plants, roots, and seeds even at 29 days after emergence; Lumivia will protect plants up to 60 days after planting.  Lumivia has low to no impact on beneficial arthropods and pollinators and has an excellent environmental, ecological, and toxicological profile. 

Adding Lumivia is just another step Burrus is taking to make sure our growers are set-up for success.  You can trust that we are always willing to make the changes necessary to offer the very best products and services available.  If you have questions about our seed treatments and how they can help your bottom line, contact your BurrusAccount Manager

Friday, October 13, 2017

Fall Evaluation of Soybeans

Over the past week, the Burrus agronomy team spent time evaluating soybean research plots.  These plots consist of our current soybean lineup alongside experimental soybean varieties.  The experimental soybeans have the potential to become part of our lineup in the future.  

Jamie Long, Sales Agronomist & Josh Gunther, Product Lead take notes on experimental soybean varieties near Centralia, MO.

This week, we evaluated the soybeans throughout Missouri, western Illinois, and north central Illinois.  These sites represent different growing conditions and soil types that can be found throughout our footprint.  The agronomists have evaluated the sites throughout the growing season taking ratings on height, width, appearance, and disease.  This week was spent getting a final evaluation of the plots prior to harvest. 

This week, we evaluated final lodging scores and overall appearance.  When evaluating overall appearance, we take into account the amount of green stems, signs of potential diseases present during the season, and height on the various soil types.  For example, in our irrigated plots, many experimental varieties were tall and lodged.  We can make note of the varieties that did stand well under high yielding conditions.  We also want to make sure that on stressed, tighter soils the varieties will have an adequate height to give growers the most yield.  

Josh Gunther & Chip Turner, Research Lead evaluate soybeans near Jacksonville, IL.

Throughout the winter months the agronomists, along with Burrus management, will meet and discuss observations from the growing season along with yield data to determine which products may be advanced to our future product lineup. 

We are excited to bring the experimental soybeans that have the best agronomics and yield potential across the Burrus footprint to your farm in the future!

by Jamie Long, Sales Agronomist

Monday, October 9, 2017

Top 20 Questions from the 2017 Growing Season

As this season comes to an end, it seemed an appropriate time to do a countdown of the Top 20 questions that were asked during the 2017 growing season.

20.  Should I replant my corn or soybeans?

The Midwest experienced one of the largest replant situations during the spring of 2017.  Burrus seed quality and seed treatment was a saving grace, but for those that planted directly ahead of some heavy rain, there was no escaping #replant17. Replant considerations were based on Burrus corn and soybean replant charts (stand and planting date), but other considerations were hybrid/variety selection, weather, as well as disease, pest and weed pressure.
Additional information: Progressive Farmer, AgWeb

19. Should I use seed treatment on my soybeans?
The importance of seed treatments on soybeans was easily observed in 2017. An example is the insecticide component control of bean leaf beetles with early planting and grape colapsis control in double-crop soybeans. Even though this was not a year for the visual symptoms associated with sudden death syndrome, we are hearing reports of yield increases with use of PS SDS (ILeVO®). Insects and diseases are cyclical, but seed treatment can provide insurance to protect your seed and provide return on investment. 
Additional Information: ILSoy Advisor - Seed Treament Evaluation, ILSoy Advisor - Treating Naked Soybeans, Burrus Buzz 

18. Got grubs and should I treat for Japanese beetles? 
During planting this year, we began to receive many reports of grubs. Some learned that you could identify the grub by examining hairs on their hind end and most appeared to be Japanese beetle larvae. With the mild winter, we knew there could be the possibility of high Japanese beetle pressure, which often can be worse on field edges. Scouting and thresholds were a must, and some soybean fields in western Illinois were treated up to three times!
Additional Information: Burrus Buzz, Progressive Farmer, Successful Farming, Pekin Daily Times 

17. Should I grow cover crops this year?
Many realized that cover crops, especially in corn, could serve as a "green bridge" that invited pests to their field for a feast. This made it more important than ever to terminate cover crops before planting to help deter pests such as armyworm and cutworm. Those that scouted could use thresholds and treat. On a positive note, we also witnessed how cover crops could conserve moisture within the seed bed, which helped to avoid replant in dry planting conditions.
Additional Information: University of Illinois Extension, Prairie Farmer, IL Nutrient Research & Education Council 

16. Do I need to treat for black cutworm?
Winter annuals from those that did not implement a fall burndown or tillage were the perfect place for cutworms to lay their eggs this spring. With our PowerShield® seed treatment and Bt traited corn hybrids, we often do not need to worry about cutworm, however, when we plant or replant corn hybrids without Bt traits, especially late in the season into fields with minimum till/no-till, the risk for cutworm increases. Seed treatments can only last so long. Without the Bt trait, rescue treatments were made if black cutworms and plants were small and pest populations exceeded 3%.
Additional Information: Prairie Farmer, Think Burrus blog, Prairie Farmer - Scout like a pro 

15. What are the white spots and will this affect my corn? 
Paraquat used for burndown before soybean planting unfortunately can drift to a neighboring corn field. The end rows were severely stunted, but for the most part, the remaining field could "grow out" of the contact damage sustained to older leaves. There is also a bacterial disease called holcus spot, which can be confused with paraquat injury, that was found throughout the state this year. Wounds are needed for infection and it is not considered to be a threat. One way to identify herbicide injury is to look for "white spots" on broadleaves, because holcus spot will only affect grass species.
Additional Information: Dr. Carl Bradley 

14. Why is my corn stunted and roots rotted?
In a few instances, fields that received heavy rain, and perhaps did not have adequate drainage, were infected with pythium root rot in low lying or stressed areas. PowerShield seed treatment, specially equipped with a new addition of ethaboxam, kept most pythium species at bay. However, pythium needs water to infect corn and soybeans and some corn stands needed to be evaluated.
Additional Information: Progressive Farmer, Prairie Farmer, Think Burrus blog 

13. What rot is hot in soybeans?
Unfortunately, our cool, wet spring was followed by some hot, dry weather. Depending on the environment, PowerShield seed treatment could help for some root rot pathogens, but after that the disease triangle will tell the tale. Pay attention to environmental conditions, soybean variety, and cultural practices to help predict any disease threats. We saw diseases such as rhizoctonia, root rot, charcoal rot, stem canker, white mold, sudden death syndrome, as well as brown stem rot.
Additional Information: ILSoy Advisor 

12. Why is my corn floppy?
If we run into excessive drying of the upper soil surface, rootless corn can result. In some instances, we did have to rule out root rot disease. Yes, it can be worse with shallow seeding (<1 to 1.5"), but perhaps the main problem was furrow erosion due to heavy rains. Some try cultivation to pull moist soil up from below onto roots, but ultimately the main cure is a good rain.
Additional Information: Purdue Extension 

11. Can I lower my soybean population? 
Disadvantages of higher planting populations can include lodging, plant competition, increased disease pressure, as well as an overall decrease of branches, pods, seeds, and therefore, yield per acre. With seed treatments like PS SDS, research has shown you can reduce your planting population, protects your seed investment and help to reduce seed cost. Special shout out to our customers Terry Gerken and Aaron Rice for participating in the North Central Soybean Research Program's on-farm population trial with the help from the Illinois Soybean Association.
Additional Information: ILSoy Advisor 

To see the top 10 questions asked this season, see my corresponding Burrus Buzz article.